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If the reason for your residence in Finland changes

If you have a fixed-term residence permit (A or B permit) and the reason for your residence in Finland changes, you must apply for a new residence permit on new grounds. If you have a permanent residence permit (P) in Finland, you do not need to change the grounds for your permit even when the reason for your residence changes.

Often, in order to be granted a residence permit, a guaranteed livelihood is required. A guaranteed livelihood means that you have sufficient assets for living in Finland.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Sufficient incomeFinnish | Swedish | English

You can apply for a residence permit on one of the following grounds:

  • work
  • studies
  • family ties
  • remigration
  • Finnish origin
  • international protection
  • other grounds

You should remember that the grounds for your residence permit may affect the rights you have in Finland. For example, a residence permit granted based on family ties gives a more extensive right to work than a permit granted based on studies.

How to change a temporary residence permit into a continuous one?

If you have a temporary residence permit (B permit), you can apply for a continuous permit (A permit) if the reason for your stay in Finland changes from temporary to continuous.

If you have been granted a temporary residence permit based on a family tie, you can apply for a continuous residence permit when the family member in question applies for one. You can also apply for a continuous permit on other grounds if they are continuous.

If you have a temporary residence permit based on studies, you can only receive a continuous permit if the basis for your stay in Finland changes. It is not possible to obtain a continuous permit based on studies. The grounds for your stay can change, for example, if you obtain a job in Finland or marry a Finnish citizen or a person with a permanent or continuous residence permit for Finland.

If you have a temporary residence permit for the purpose of working or entrepreneurial activities, you can apply for a continuous residence permit when you have resided in Finland for a continuous period of two years.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Residence permit on new groundsFinnish | Swedish | English

How do I apply for residence permit on new grounds?

Choose the application form based on the grounds under which you are applying for a new permit. Submit your application online in the Enter Finland service or at a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service. You can find more information about applying on the InfoFinland page Residence permit extension.

From a student to an employee

If you have completed a degree in Finland, you can receive a residence permit for job application. Once you complete your studies and your student residence permit ends, you can apply for a permit extension (jatkolupa) for job application. The permit is valid for 12 months. The permit can only be granted once and cannot be renewed. Once you find a job, you can apply for a residence permit based on employment.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Residence permit for job applicationFinnish | Swedish | English

Can I lose my residence permit?

Bear in mind that, if your situation in life changes, that may also affect your residence permit. A fixed-term residence permit can be revoked if the grounds on which it was granted no longer exist. Read more on the InfoFinland page: Can I lose my residence permit?