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Finnish citizenship

You can receive Finnish citizenship

  • from a parent who is a Finnish citizen,
  • through a citizenship application or notification.

In addition, in some exceptional cases citizenship can be granted based on being born in Finland.

Applying for citizenship

You can apply for Finnish citizenship once you have turned 18, you have lived permanently in Finland the required number of years, you have a satisfactory oral and written command of Finnish or Swedish language or a command of the corresponding level in Finnish or Swedish Sign Language and your identity has been proven in a reliable manner. In addition, there are other conditions; you have to report, for example, your source of income. At the same time, you can also apply for citizenship for your underage child living under your care.

If you have committed a crime or if you have not, for example, paid your taxes, this can be an obstacle to receiving Finnish citizenship.

Read more on the InfoFinland page How to apply for Finnish citizenship?

Finnish citizenship differs from a residence permit. If you are only just planning moving to Finland, read more on the InfoFinland page Moving to Finland.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Finnish citizenshipFinnish | Swedish | English

Citizenship of a child

At the same time as applying for Finnish citizenship for yourself, you can apply for it for your underage child living under your care. Read more on the InfoFinland page How to apply for Finnish citizenship?

Citizenship of a child being born

A child is automatically granted Finnish citizenship at birth, if:

  • the child’s mother is a Finnish citizen. It makes no difference in which country the child is born.
  • the child’s father is a Finnish citizen and the mother is not, but the parents are married to each other.

If, however, the parents are not married, the child is granted Finnish citizenship through the father:

  • at birth when the child is born in Finland and paternity is confirmed.
  • via a citizenship notification when the child is born in some other country and paternity has been confirmed.

Finnish citizenship can also be granted to a child born in Finland to foreign parents, if the child is not granted any other citizenship through the parents.

There is more information on the InfoFinland page When a child is born in Finland to parents whose child is born in Finland.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Child’s citizenshipFinnish | Swedish | English

Finnish citizenship through notification

The following people can receive Finnish citizenship by means of a citizenship notification (kansalaisuusilmoitus):

  • Former Finnish citizens
  • Foreign persons with a father who is a Finnish citizen
  • Persons between 18 and 22 year of age who have lived in Finland for several years
  • Adopted children of Finnish citizens between 12 and 17 years of age
  • Citizens of a Nordic Country who have lived in Finland for the past five years

You can submit a citizenship notification online. Fill in the form in the Enter Finland service. Attach the application appendices. You need to pay the application processing fee at that time. After you submit the notification, remember to monitor your Enter Finland account.

After filling in the form in the Enter Finland service, you have three months to go and prove your identity. You can prove your identity at a service point of the Finnish Immigration Service or, abroad, at a Finnish diplomatic mission. You can find out from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs which diplomatic missions you can visit to prove your identity. Make an appointment in advance. Bring a personal identification document and the original copies of the application appendices.

If you are unable to submit a citizenship notification online, you can also do it using a paper form.

More information on lodging a citizenship notification can be found on the website of the Finnish Immigration Service.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Citizenship notification formFinnish | Swedish | English

Multiple citizenship

Finland allows multiple citizenship, i.e. that you are a citizen of another country in addition to being a Finnish citizen.

However, not all countries allow multiple citizenship. Before applying for Finnish citizenship, it is advisable to find out whether or not multi-nationality is permitted in the country where you have citizenship. If the country in question does not allow multiple citizenship, you may lose your status as a citizen of that country when you obtain Finnish citizenship.

Multiple citizenship can be useful but also disadvantageous. For example, you should check whether you are liable to go into military service in more than one country of citizenship or whether it is sufficient to have a certificate of completed military service from one country. Multiple citizenship can prove useful, for example, when moving from one country to another or seeking employment.

The Finnish Immigration Service advises on questions about nationality:

  • Tel. 0295 419 626 on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday from 10:00–11:00

A child’s multiple citizenship

A child can be a citizen of both Finland and another country. This depends on whether the other country accepts the child’s multiple citizenships (monikansalaisuus). Ask about it at your own country’s Diplomatic Mission.

Can you lose Finnish citizenship?

Finnish citizenship can be lost in the following cases:

  • The person is 22 or older, holds citizenship in another country and does not have adequate contact to Finland.
  • The person has provided false information in the citizenship application or notification.
  • The person has received Finnish citizenship based on the father’s nationality and the relationship of paternity is disproved.

linkkiFinnish Immigration Service:
Losing your Finnish citizenshipFinnish | Swedish | English