If you cannot work because of your illness or disability, you may be entitled to disability pension (työkyvyttömyyseläke). If you are blind or immobile without assistance, you are entitled to a disability pension even if you work. Disability pension is paid to persons between 16 and 64 years of age. Whether you receive disability pension is affected by how long you have lived in Finland. The usual requirement for getting disability pension is that the applicant has lived in Finland for three years.
You can apply for disability pension from Kela.
The disability benefit is paid to persons over 16 years old
If you have a disability or illness which hinders your ability to function for a continuous period of at least 12 months, you may receive the disability benefit (vammaistuki). To apply for the disability benefit, you need a medical certificate. The disability benefit for adults is paid to persons between 16 and 64 years old. The amount of the disability benefit depends on the degree of your illness or disability as well as how much help and guidance you need.
The Social Insurance Institution of Finland, KelaDisability benefit for an adultLink redirects to another website
Support for taking care of a disabled family member
If you take care of your disabled family member at home, your municipality of residence can pay you an allowance for informal care (omaishoidontuki). In order to qualify for this allowance, you must make an informal care agreement with your municipality. You can apply for the allowance at the social services office of your municipality of residence.
Disability benefit for under 16-year-olds
A person who is younger than 16 can receive disability benefit (vammaistuki) if his/her disability or illness causes a need for regular care and rehabilitation for at least six months. You can apply for disability benefit for a person younger than 16 from Kela. The benefit is usually granted for a certain time period. After the period has ended, you can apply for an extension.
The Social Insurance Institution of Finland, KelaDisability benefit for a childLink redirects to another website
Special care allowance
You are eligible to receive special care allowance (erityishoitoraha) from Kela if you are
- taking part in the hospital or outpatient care of your child under 7 years of age
- taking part in the hospital or outpatient care of your seriously ill child between 7 and 15 years of age
- taking part in the rehabilitation of your child who is up to 15 years of age
- taking care of your seriously ill child under 16 years of age at home and this home care is related to your child’s hospital care or hospital outpatient care
- on stand-by during a school or day-care trial related to your child’s serious illness.
Care allowance for pensioners
If you are a pensioner and your ability to function has weakened due to a disability or illness for a continuous period of at least 12 months, you may be eligible for care allowance for pensioners (eläkettä saavan hoitotuki). You may receive the allowance if, due to disability or illness, you need regular help or guidance and supervision. The amount of the allowance depends on how much support you need. You can apply for care allowance for pensioners from Kela.
The Social Insurance Institution of Finland, KelaCare allowance for pensionersLink redirects to another website
Clothing and nutrition allowance
If your disability or illness incurs extra costs for you in food or clothing, you can apply for clothing and nutrition allowance (vaatetus- ja ravitsemustuki). You can apply for this allowance at the social services office of your municipality of residence.